Fungi are highly adapted quickly to life. This is the bottom plants, which, without a lot of work can reproduce and live in the tissues of people, namely, nails, hair and skin, because they contain keratin. The mushrooms are distinguished by their solidity, they can live in adverse conditions in the environment for up to five years, even in the clothing and shoes. Fungal infections you can see it on the feet and nail plates, the data of the disease of the legs become more and more prevalent each year.
Of course, the people without too much difficulty, can find many medicines to combat the fungal of the defeat of the feet, but without investigation dermatologist – it is difficult to choose the right medicine. Need a class inspection, just looking at the off-state of the patient, the doctor prescribes a treatment and diagnosis. In this article, we examine in detail the theme of the fungal infection of the feet.
Getting or simply getting sick by a fungus, it is quite simple, the objects and the clothes of the sick keeps a lot of bacteria, and in the event of contact with it can catch it all. Most often the infection occurs during a visit to the swimming pool, steam bath, sauna, gym, and other places where the temperature and humidity.
Now, there are two types of infection:
- Onychomycosis (occurs on the nails of the feet);
- Mycosis of the feet.
When a person is infected with a fungus of the foot, there are pimples and redness on the feet. Itself the fungus progresses on the top and soft layers of the skin, very often you can see between the fingers. Develops a disease incredible, but it all depends on the immunity of the person, a person can get without a job, and someone may not contract in general. The chances of falling sick of this disease increases with the years, they are also high among those who already have their t sick.
The symptoms of athlete's foot
After the infection begins with inflammation of the skin and a strong burning sensation in the feet. Starts the deformation of the skin as well as psoriasis. The skin splits, hurts, and peel off the ointment do not help. But the intensity of the symptoms varies depending on the stage and the type of fungus. If it is the membrane of view, it will be necessary between the fifth and the fourth finger on the leg. The skin is destroyed and covered with scales, dries out and splits. Due to the decrease of the resistance of the part of the skin begins with an infectious disease, because the bacteria quickly seep through a weak point.
The fungus, which has received the name "athlete's foot" causes intense pain in the foot, the leather on the heel and the feet is very thick and dense. But the cracks on the skin and the thickness of the skin is only the first step, if the disease worsens and becomes severe, the infection spreads on the nail. The nail start to crumble, grow, and then fall, but the loss of the nails occurs in only the most serious cases.
Vesicular fungus is distinguished from inflammation in the form of blisters, they are pus-filled and offer a lot of discomfort. The appearance of blisters that goes down the foot, and the disease is accompanied by serious bacterial infections.
The diagnosis of fungal disease
To make the diagnosis and say exactly at what stage of the disease and the consequences, need for intra-muros, on inspection of the expert. The dermatologist will see the leg of the patient to ask clarifying questions and ask the most important question – there was an infestation before? In all cases, the doctor will begin an analysis of the nails and the skin of the presence of an infection. To discover the fungus of the man cut off a piece of nail or piece of skin. Test various ways, in order to discover the fungus in the body using potassium hydroxide. The stage of the disease define culture, but if the symptoms are too strange and unknown to the doctor, he may perform a biopsy of the skin, and then look at the image through a microscope.
The reasons why the disease develops?
The more often people come into contact with the fungus without knowing it. The fact that it is widespread in wetlands at high temperature, which often appear to people. For example, if you walk in the pool, you may walk on the fungus in the soul, and the disease begins to progress, active pace. Even if you have a friend of the person who is sick data of the disease, it can infect you if you jump from one to his clothes, or worse still to shoes. You can borrow, even during a pedicure or a manicure, if the nail scissors are infected and have scales. In addition, the infection can pass through towel, therefore, do not use a foreign.
The predisposition to the disease there is among the people with deformed feet, overweight and a weakening of the blood circulation in the legs. Of course, if the person the daily stress and the decrease of immunity – increase the chances of getting sick, even a poor diet, and constant consumption of antibiotics may help fungi in the reproduction, but your body can't resist them. Therefore, you should monitor your health and eat well, no infection have not been able to penetrate into the body.
The treatment of mycosis of the feet
It is impossible to treat a disease without a diagnosis, so to start with, determine if you have the stage of the disease and its severity. The more often people do not send to the hospital, and to prescribe the treatment at home with the aid of powerful drugs. But the medicines are of two types, one slow down the development of the fungus, and other consume. If you notice any symptoms fungal the defeat of the feet, you can not directly access to a dermatologist, and go to the pharmacy and buy anti-fungal medicines.
All of these ointments necessary for an external application, it is sufficient to apply on the skin and follow the instructions. If you are being treated at home – watch for any change in her condition, keep a diary and make a note of the change of the fungus. As well, you will know what is happening with your body, if suddenly you have noticed that it was a strong deterioration and the worsening of the disease, please consult a specialist. Even if it is better to consult a specialist as soon as you notice the symptoms of defeat. Specialist will choose to be very serious and potent drugs which are very quickly heal you of this disease.
Forget the pills if you haven't visited the doctor and yourself, make a plan of treatment. The tablets have a strong influence on the body, and in the course of processing a regular review and pass tests in order to determine if there are complications and side effects on the body or not. When the use of powerful drugs of the body is weakened, and all the forces go to war against the mildew, therefore, the disease can withstand and to cause aggravation, so it is necessary to consult a specialist and do not self-give medications. If survive to the aggravation and to continue the treatment of a disease disappear, but do not take risks and does not engage in the treatment of the same to the house.
At the pharmacy, you can find many lotions, creams and gels for the treatment of the fungal infection, but they do agree that in order to fight against the most common form of fungal lesions of the feet. Even during the treatment with simple medicines you need to look at, clean and dry feet. If the disease begins to progress, you need to be a doctor and you prescribe the pill, but in no case do not drink medicines without a doctor's prescription.
Often, you can find and infection of the nail, it is called onychomycosis, occurs when fungal disease. Heal this infection extremely difficult, because the skin on the feet is very thick and heavy. Classic pomade to combat the fungi will not help, they can't infiltrate to the inside of the skin and have an impact on the fungus. Doctor dermatologist himself will prescribe a treatment is quite intense and serious.
If the form of the disease gallbladder – the doctor removes the blisters, it will cut the top of the blister and the pus drains, and the surface of the skin dries out and recovers. On-site, which will operate, involve special gauze, which has been in medicinal solution. Sometimes, cause an anti-fungal ointment or cream. But there are cases, when the body is struck by an infection, and in this case, the operation does not work, you should continue the treatment with antibiotics.
In most cases, prescribe the specific corticosteroids. The dose gradually to reduce, to the extent of the recovery of the body, but the treatment lasts until the disease is not completely retired. But in rare cases, the disease may return, even if it has been assigned the most effective treatment. The fact that the doctor prescribed a preventive treatment after getting rid of the fungus, and not always the people took care of prevention. Treatment should continue until the infection does not disappear completely, and if the symptoms have disappeared and the pain not need to be processed further, otherwise, re-infection is not avoided.
Don't forget, that when the first symptoms of the need to start the treatment. The fungus can penetrate deeply into the tissues and acquire a dangerous form and, in the struggle with blisters and the highest of the bacterial infections is much more complex than usual. Therefore, at the first symptoms, contact your doctor, or at least buy the ointment at the pharmacy, he is able to get rid of the initial form of the disease. Cure the acute infection is easier than the old and chronic, which is already anchored in the body. If you are a supporter of folk medicine, you can use compresses of tea tree oil or garlic, they have an antibacterial effect and antifungal action. Do not delay treatment, then you run the risk of infection of the nails on the feet and the receiving of the severe stage of the disease, and fight with it without competent, specialist of the impossible.
The treatment of nail fungus of the feet
Onychomycosis manifests itself very strongly, the nails instantly change colour to yellow, brown, or even green. The structure of the nail is dense and thick enough, and if the nail has become large, the treatment will not be effective enough. Then, there is a deformation of the nail, until it fell and full of his loss.
Because of this, which may develop onychomycosis?
The reason is the same as that of the ordinary of the fungus – swimming pools and saunas. Not for nothing, the doctors recommend wearing shoes in the pools, they save the feet from fungi and other infections unpleasant. If you are randomly walking on the site, where there were flakes – contamination occurs instantaneously, which you can hang up and heavy with the kind of disease.
There are other common reasons why the disease:
- Self-medication with antibiotics.
- Serious diseases of the body – obesity, HIV, diabetes, decreased immunity.
- Cracks or serious injuries on the skin and nails.
Treatment of nail fungus
The most important thing – a systemic approach, and still rather full. It is necessary to treat the fungus like any other disease. Externally, use of the ointment, and on the inside to consume tablets and capsules, including antibiotics. In clinical use the last space, for example a drill with various accessories, they fight with the thickness of the nails. In severe cases, requiring intervention by the surgeon, so that if you do not want to be in the office of a surgeon, the better to start the treatment immediately after the onset of the first symptoms. Easy to the stage of the fungal disease, can be treated in 3 weeks, sometimes it takes several months, but this is strictly individual. Below, we will describe the methods of treatment of the disease, the ways, if you don't want to ask the doctors.
The treatment with remedies
A long time ago a fungus were treated without surgery and harsh chemicals, and even achieved positive results. But now there are other methods of treatment more effective. At home, you can prepare an ointment for combating fungi, it is distinguished by its efficiency and the option to disinfect the affected skin.
You will need:
- 5 grams of dimethyl phthalate;
- 20 milliliters of vinegar of 70% (you can substitute vegetable oil);
- A hen's egg.
Mix all the ingredients and get a homogeneous paste, and then pour the ointment into a small cup or ball, and store it in the refrigerator. Rub the ointment in the nails, and then zamatyvala leg package and wear socks, it is desirable to set up two packages. Use a night cream to act as long as possible. Complete healing will take place through a month, but you can speed up the process and to smear some of the ointment even in the morning, for example, on the weekend, when there is no need to go anywhere.
To avoid re-infestation, it will be necessary to proceed to the disinfection. It is necessary to start with the bathroom, and then clean up the floor of the apartment and all kinds of personal things, and in particular nail files and nail scissors. Disinfection, you can with vinegar and formalin, take equal proportions of vinegar (40% formalin 25%, moisten a cotton pad and clean the shoes, it is advisable to buy new insoles for the shoes. To get a better result, you can wet swab to clean the shoes and attach to the package, and then head out for the day.
But what are not effective methods of treatment, it is better to prevent disease than to fight it. Observe the rules of personal hygiene, and don't forget to wear slippers in the sauna and the swimming pool, wash the bath at the time, and you will not get sick fungus.