The main types of downy mildew on the feet resemble large blisters with liquid inside of the plots dry, flaky "scaly" skin, lesions can occur at the level of the leg and the foot. Appear the different types of fungal infections, as a rule, the non-observance of rules of personal hygiene (late change of socks, wet, dirty shoes). In addition, the fungi on the feet, of the "hang" in the common areas – bathrooms, saunas, pools, showers.
What is fungal infections of the feet
Athlete's foot or fungus is an infection of different types of micro-organisms, fungal skin, with the possibility of infection of the nails on the feet (onychomycosis) and spread to other areas of the epidermis of the human body. Infection stop causes disruption of the normal structure of the skin, small cracks. The clinical picture depends on the type of pathogen, leading to the disease. Usually, the pathology is accompanied by itching, peeling skin, foul smell and the appearance of the skin peeling.
Fungal infections of the feet or the legs can be caused by the violation of the process of metabolism, chronic diseases, endocrine diseases, reduce immunity. Thus, cholera often manifests itself in people who have long suffer from diabetes. Often join inflammatory and purulent bacterial lesions of the epidermis until the development of gangrene.
Looks like fungi on the feet
Fungal diseases of feet not manifest themselves immediately. In the early stages of development of the fungus itching and redness (mainly in the folds between the toes after wearing running shoes or in hot weather, but during a certain period of time after the shower, the symptoms disappear. Fungal disease of the skin of the feet is also evident desquamation, education, white or yellow spots, cracks on the skin. The nail plate is covered with stripes or spots, thickens and deforms.
Types of fungi on the feet
The skin on the shins and the feet touch several types of fungi. For the assignment of an effective treatment, you need to determine precisely the causative agent has caused the illness. You can do this using a visual inspection and analysis. The major types of mycosis of the feet, which causes unpleasant symptoms:
- the yeast like fungi (candida);
- the mold.
This form of fungus grows in case of contact with the different fungal caused by pathogens. Seems to be a fungus such as the grey and the yellow band on the nail plate, the nail starts to walk away from the lodge, the epidermis becomes dry, scaly, covered with scales. The most common form of fungal infection which affects the entire foot as a whole.
The shape of the yeast fungi is called by the pathogens of the genus Candida. The distinctive sign of the infection the Candida are lumps of white dough, which has the air of white cheese or thick cream. Develops this form of the disease due to the decrease of immunity, the increase of the perspiration of the feet and the maceration of the skin. Encounter candidiasis stop rarely, but it responds well to treatment.
This variety of fungus on the feet, strikes first, the nail: it is deformed, flaky, thickens and becomes a warrior and yellow around the nail of bubbles of liquid. Then, the skin stop becomes dry, cracks appear, often painful, bleeding. In addition, patients reported the emergence of a strong itching that occurs mainly at night.
The treatment of fungal diseases of the foot
Many types of fungus of the feet are treated equally. The basic rule for the treatment of fungal infections of the feet is a holistic approach, which includes not only the application of drugs, the use of popular methods of treatment, but also care for the affected skin. Before you begin a treatment with medication, you should consult a doctor, who will determine the pathogen through laboratory testing.
The drugs are usually used in the form of ointments, creams or gels and are applied locally, directly on the affected area of the epidermis, the nail plate. When the heavy fungus, it is also an application immunostimuliruyushchih medications, vitamins and antifungal drugs in the form of tablets or capsules.
Relieve the discomfort, relieve the itch and reduce the sweating help these folk remedies, such as foot baths. Before you use the national average to see a specialist. It is also forbidden to make the toilet bowls in the presence of open wounds (cracks, scratches). Here are some recipes of solutions:
- With vinegar. Take a basin with a little warm, but not hot water and add about 70 to 100 ml plain table linen, wine, or cider vinegar. Then lower the feet for 10-15 minutes, wipe off with a towel. The procedure must be repeated twice a day for 5-7 days. It is important to do the bath after the shower.
- With the potassium permanganate. For this procedure, it should be pre-steam the feet in warm water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15 to 20 minutes. The bath to make a day for a month.
For an effective treatment it must also follow the following guidelines:
- Disinfect all of the shoes from the inside using the anti-fungal sprays;
- All of the socks each time, washed with hot water, and then Ironing the reception of the remission of the disease;
- Use each and every time a pure separate towel for the feet;
- Wear shoes made from natural materials;
- Use footwear in public baths, of the soul and of the swimming pool.