Nail fungus is quite common. According to statistics, it bothers one in five people. The disease is treated for a long time, so the fight against it should be started when the first symptoms appear, so as not to begin its further development.
Why does the fungus occur
Nail fungus is an infectious disease caused by dermatophyte fungi, red trichoviton, candida (thrush) and others. Under conditions favorable to their development (weakened immunity), fungi along with the blood spread throughout the body, reducing its ability to resist diseases and infections.
You can get infected with a fungus when you visit a bathhouse, sauna, use someone else's shoes or towels.
People who walk for a long time in tight, closed shoes, people with profuse sweating of the feet are often exposed to foot fungus disease.
People are also at risk
- with weak immunity, after a long illness,
- with circulation problems in the legs,
- varicose veins,
- deformation of the foot,
- elderly people.
In addition, the reasons for the development of a fungal infection can be:
- taking antibiotics for a long time,
- incorrect power supply.
How to identify nail fungus
The situation with nail fungus is the same as in other diseases - the earlier it is detected, the faster and more effective the treatment will be. What should you pay attention to in order not to lose the "enemy" aspect?
In the early stages of the fungus, a slight peeling of the skin appears between the fingers, gradually the nails begin to change color. The color of the nail can be very different - gray, white, brown, black, yellow and even green.
Then the nail plate begins to deform, growths and irregularities appear on it, the nails begin to exfoliate, crumble, itchy skin around the nail appears, pain at the injury site.
Therefore, nail and toe fungus should not be activated. It is best to start treating it in the early stages.
How to treat mushrooms at home
In order to be able to prescribe the correct treatment for a fungus, you need to know the specific type of infection. In this case, the treatment will be more effective.
Topical antimicrobial agents are usually prescribed for this purpose.
Oral medications may also be needed.
These drugs are used according to the instructions, according to the scheme. But don't rush to the pharmacy: first consult your doctor who will select the most effective remedy for your situation.
In advanced cases, when severe itching, burning and pain are clearly felt, baths with potassium permanganate are recommended to relieve the problem. At the same time, the keratinized skin is softened and large scales are removed.
To soften the skin, it is useful to lubricate the sore spots with 5-20% salicylic petroleum jelly. Then you will need to clean the top layer of the treated skin with a pumice stone.
After baths, steamed nails are treated with antimicrobial drugs.
To prevent the infection from spreading further during treatment, it is recommended to disinfect shoes and care items, iron socks after washing with a hot iron.
To disinfect the shoes, use a cotton swab dipped in vinegar essence and process the inside of the shoe three times. Then put this tampon in the toe of the treated shoe, put the shoe in a plastic bag, tie it and leave it for a day. The next day, take off your shoes, throw away the cotton wool and air your shoes well, preferably in the fresh air.
Treat shoes with protective gloves.
Treatment of a fungus by folk methods
Traditional medicine knows many ways to treat nail fungus. For example, a bath with soda and salt proved positive. For her, 1 tbsp. a tablespoon of salt and 1 tbsp. Dissolve a tablespoon of baking soda in 2 liters of hot water and steam your feet. Repeat the procedure every day. After each bath with a file, clean the softened layer of the nail. Then immediately treat the nail plate with chlorhexidine.
Excellent treatment of 3% hydrogen peroxide nail fungus. It needs to thoroughly lubricate the pre-steamed and processed nails. After that, if possible, you have to bite off a damaged part of the nail with nail pliers. And then once again rinse your feet and fill your nails with peroxide. Or soak a cotton ball with the peroxide solution and apply them to your nails. It is necessary to keep such application for 40-60 minutes. Repeat the procedure 1-2 times a week.
By gradually cutting off the damaged part of the nail, you will eliminate the diseased nail.
A remedy based onpromises to completely cure nail fungus.
- hydrogen peroxide.
Vinegar is actively used to eliminate fungi. It is used for the preparation of baths, wraps and applications.
Mix these components in equal proportions. Apply the resulting product on the affected areas of the feet and nails and hold for 15 minutes. Then rinse your feet thoroughly with warm water. Repeat every day (preferably in the morning and evening) and after a week you will notice the result of the procedure.
Baths with a few drops of tea tree oil, a natural antiseptic, have a good anti-inflammatory effect. For best results, first steam your feet in a soda bath. If possible, remove the top layer of the nail plate, then soak your feet in water with tea tree oil.
Iodine helps get rid of nail fungus in just a few procedures. Using it for treatment can be painful, but it works. Apply several layers of iodine on washed and dried nails. Wait until it is completely absorbed. Then steam your feet with hot water and dry your nails. The course of treatment consists of several procedures.
It is also recommended to apply on damaged and previously steamed nails: a warm mixture of alcohol and propolis, compresses of kombucha, birch tar, horseradish, gunpowder with sour cream, ammonia.
These recipes may seem strange to some. But if they exist, their true effect has taken place in history. How much they will help in a specific situation is difficult to predict. After all, even the drugs and methods prescribed by a specialist do not always turn out to be at their best. And accordingly, you need to select other means.