A modern person is subject to physical inactivity, the influence of a polluted atmosphere, and the use of dozens of harmful food additives does not add to health. Therefore, his immune system weakens and he becomes more prone to infections that are lurking at every turn. More than 20% of the world population is infected with dermatomycosis or fungal infections. The legs are particularly affected. Medicine successfully copes with the treatment of such a disease, but due to some circumstances, many people prefer to be treated on their own. Consider how and how to treat foot fungus at home.
Variety of fungal infection on the feet
The appearance of a fungus on the legs is an infection of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) of the interdigital area of the legs and nails, with possible spread of microscopic fungi further along the body. Defeat can be caused by:
- yeast mushrooms;
But in general, this disease is called dermatomycosis.
The visible signs of a fungus depend on the strain that causes it. Types of mycosis:
- Onychomycosis: With this disease, the nails are affected and it proceeds in different ways. In the first case, the toenails change color, break and thicken. With atrophy, the nail plate is completely destroyed and the underlying skin hardens.
- With scaly mycosis, the skin turns red and begins to itch, peeling occurs, the condition turns into painful itching.
- The dyshidrotic form of the fungus is characterized by the formation of watery bubbles up to 5 mm in diameter which, gradually merging with each other, form ulcers.
- Intertrigo mycosis is the most common type of fungus that occurs in the form of cracks in the skin between the fingers, often closer to the little finger. It is characterized by severe itching.
What are the causes of mycosis in the legs?
- Many healthy people strive to keep fit. They visit fitness clubs, beaches, swimming pools and saunas, where fungal organisms multiply rapidly in a warm environment. It is in these public places that fungal infections usually occur.
- When the family uses common house shoes, towels, bath and shower mats, as well as hygiene products. A carrier of the fungus can infect an entire family.
- Weakened immunity contributes to the spread of mycosis of the legs in the elderly. Statistics say that men are more likely to be infected with a fungus.
- The indiscriminate use of drugs (glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antibacterials, cytostatic drugs) is also the cause of the risk of developing fungal foot infections.
- Foot fungus infection is possible due to occupational factors. The infection is more likely to affect miners, people involved in the metal industry, the military, and personnel serving baths, saunas, and sports complexes.
- Human lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, vascular and somatic diseases, endocrine disorders (especially excessive sweating), arthrosis, overweight.
- Cuts and microcracks in the skin, corns and calluses on the feet, hallux valgus.
- Unfavorable ecological situation.
Foot fungus usually develops over several periods:
- The incubation phase depends on the state of the human immune system. The stronger it is, the later the signs of mycosis of the feet will appear.
- The period after the incubation period is characterized by redness of the skin, the appearance of itching and microcracks. Sometimes swelling of the legs is observed. At this stage, the development of the infection can be stopped with simple, even folk remedies.
- At the third stage, the disease turns into a more dangerous form: the skin peels off, large lesions are formed, the skin gradually begins to exfoliate. The cracks deepen, offering tangible pain. The nails are deformed. Starting from this period the treatment will be complex and protracted.
- The chronic form of mycosis is fraught with frequent relapses and can last for several years. If the fungus is started to such an extent, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor in order to avoid irreparable consequences of the disease.
How to cure foot fungus at home
Only after carrying out qualified diagnostics (scraping, finding stumps, microscopy), a specialist can prescribe effective means of combating fungus on the legs. In addition to drug therapy against the fungus, folk remedies can also be used.
There are many ways to get rid of foot fungus at home. Their advantage is an affordable price and a minimum of contraindications. But also harmless folk remedies should be used in conjunction with essential medicines in consultation with the doctor.
The most effective antifungal agents
There are numerous dosage forms for the fungus in the form of tablets, suppositories, creams, ointments and suspensions, sprays and lotions with fungicidal properties that prevent the growth of bacteria. These funds are able to quickly remove the fungus from the affected skin if the disease is in its initial stage.
Usually, in the complex treatment of mycosis of the feet, the following means are used:
- tablets for fungus on the legs;
- antifungal ointment, which is applied 2 times a day to sore spots.
In addition to drug therapy, there is an innovative method of treating fungi, a hardware method that quickly eliminates the symptoms of mycosis in sore spots, but does not guarantee that there will be no relapse.
In addition to the main therapy, the treatment of foot fungus with folk remedies is used. There are many methods of dealing with such a problem at home - these are all kinds of baths, compresses and masks against fungi based on natural substances.
Among them, the most effective for the treatment of mycoses are the following:
- A solution of potassium permanganate. It is advisable to steam your legs in a hot bath before going to bed, then wrap them with gauze soaked in this solution and leave them overnight.
- Baths with sea salt content at the rate of 1, 5 tbsp. L. per liter of water.
- Copper sulfate. With it, you can cope with the fungus on the feet like this: fry 1 tsp. of this substance in a pan until it turns white, then mix with the same amount of yellow sulfur and goose fat. Mix the ingredients thoroughly and apply the resulting ointment on the legs in a warm form in a thin layer. Rinse off after 40 minutes.
- Applying vinegar to remove fungus is the fastest way to get rid of the problem. Among its types (apple, wine), the most effective is 9% simple vinegar, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 8, used as a slightly warm bath 4-5 times a day for 2-3days.
- It will help to cope with the fungus on the feet and soda gruel. It is applied to the affected areas of the feet and kept for 20 minutes, then washed off. You can also mix baking soda and salt and apply in a similar way to your feet.
- A foot pack with a peroxide solution will help cure the fungus. To do this, you should first steam your feet in a bath with warm water. Then prepare a solution of 1 liter of water with 1 tsp. soda and 2 tbsp. L. peroxide, dip the gauze and wrap your legs in it. Soak for an hour, then rinse.
- Onion recipes will help to cope with the problem. Grate 2 large onions on a coarse grater, squeeze the juice from the resulting gruel, apply to the feet. Wait until it is absorbed, put on your socks and leave it on overnight, and in the morning rinse your feet. Similarly, it acts on the fungus and garlic juice.
- Effectively use celandine from mushrooms. Its juice (5 drops) is mixed with half a teaspoon of calendula alcoholic tincture and 5 drops of oregano juice, plus a teaspoon of water. The resulting mixture is used to treat the affected areas of the legs without rinsing.
Rules of care and hygiene
Using medicinal compresses and mushroom foot baths at home along with prescribed medications, you can get rid of them quite quickly. In addition, special attention should be paid to the feet to maintain the condition of the skin during this period and also to promote recovery.
Before treating the affected areas of the feet and nails with a fungal infection, wear disposable gloves on your hands.
Shoes should be treated with special agents (vinegar and mustard powder are also suitable). If possible, it should be replaced with products made from natural materials. After each use, the shoes should be put on the balcony for ventilation. If it gets wet, be sure to dry it completely, change the insoles more often.
During the period of fungal disease, you should not visit the swimming pool, saunas, beaches, use someone else's shoes, slippers, towels, so as not to infect other family members with the fungus. After recovery, it is recommended to get rid of old socks and replace the insoles in shoes, as well as treat them with vinegar. This also applies to rubber mats in the bathroom. This is done to kill fungal spores that can relapse or infect other people's feet.
Prevention of relapses and reinfection
To avoid re-infection of the feet by a fungal infection and to permanently eliminate it, special attention should be paid to foot hygiene. To do this, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- wear only your own shoes and clothes;
- choose shoes made from natural materials;
- do not allow the feet to be steamed into the shoes;
- wash your feet regularly, preferably in the morning, before going to bed and after leaving the street;
- monitor shoes: dry them from the inside, treat them periodically with special deodorants;
- maintain immunity.
Legs require regular care and attention. Any discomfort in the legs and external changes in their area should be a reason to visit a specialist.