Fungus between the fingers is a disease belonging to the group of mycoses. It tends to spread rapidly to other areas. Infection occurs during contact with fungal spores, for example when wearing someone else's shoes, walking barefoot in a public swimming pool.
A fungal infection always begins in only one limb. If itching and burning are present between the toes and it all started at the same time, then the cause must be sought on a different plane.
Common symptoms include mucoid flaking between the toes, inflammation, and slight swelling. In advanced cases, hyperemia of the skin, oozing, cracking, unpleasant odor of the limbs.
Consider what are the causes of the fungus between the toes, treatment with inexpensive but effective drugs, as well as methods of alternative medicine.
How does the fungus get infected?
Foot fungus is a contagious disease. Infection occurs due to the use of someone else's shoes of a sick person, in the pedicure offices, where they do not control the proper treatment of the tools. You can get infected in a public shower, toilet, or pool, as we mentioned earlier.
The infectious process develops after the penetration of fungal spores into the structure of the nail plate. The fungus begins to progress rapidly, forming tunnels and passages, which lead to external changes in the nails.
Quite often, the transmission of the fungus is observed within the same family, which is associated with a high degree of contagiousness of the disease. Spores are transmitted through objects such as washcloths, rugs, gloves, etc.
Public places where sanitation is not followed can be fertile ground not only for fungal infections, but also for other diseases. Humidity and heat are favorable conditions for the development of pathogenic microorganisms.
With a history of provoking factors, infection with a fungal infection occurs much faster and more easily than in people who do not have them.
The following factors contribute to the activity of fungi:
- Long-term use of glucocorticosteroids and antibacterial drugs;
- Pathology of the circulatory system;
- Diabetes mellitus of any kind;
- Failure to comply with hygiene rules;
- Hyperhidrosis of the lower limbs;
- Tight or poor quality shoes;
- A sharp decrease in immunity;
- VSD, VRV;
- Violations of the integrity of the skin;
- Trauma (especially of a chronic nature).
In the absence of proper treatment, the fungus begins to progress. It "moves" from the interdigital space to other areas of the skin, nails.
Other reasons for the activity of a fungal infection include dermatological diseases - eczema, psoriasis and metabolic disorders, old age.
Symptoms of a fungal infection
Itching between the toes is a clear symptom of a fungal disease. But it does not manifest itself in all people, it differs in severity. Some patients complain of severe itching, which does not allow sleep, while others practically do not notice it.
In the initial stage, itching and slight irritation in the interdigital area of the feet may be the only symptoms. In a short time, they are supplemented by peeling of the skin. It was as if they had sprinkled flour between their fingers.
In addition, more pronounced symptoms appear. On the skin, hyperemia, peeling is more pronounced, sometimes there are vesicular neoplasms (such as small growths). The image is accompanied by itching and burning. If nothing is done, diaper rash occurs, legs start to smell and sweat a lot.
When the fungus spreads to other areas of the skin, this is manifested by exfoliation of the skin, the sole of the foot becomes denser. When the nail is damaged, its color changes, it becomes very thin or thick, peeling is observed.
In an advanced stage, the symptoms are as follows:
- Exfoliation of the epidermis occurs.
- The skin starts to crack severely, which is quite painful.
- Sweating of the extremities increases.
- Blisters with purulent contents appear.
- The skin doesn't stop itching.
The appearance of any of the symptoms described should be alarming. The fungus is very difficult to treat, so the earlier treatment is started, the more favorable the prognosis.
Forms and types of disease
Fungal disease is a consequence of the activity of three types of fungi. In particular, dermatophytes, yeasts (similar to yeasts) and molds. The latter "loves" heat and humidity, and yeast-like fungi affect both the skin and the nail plate.
In most clinical pictures, mycosis develops due to dermatophytes. Mainly the little finger or thumb are affected.
Depending on the severity of the clinic and the forms of manifestation, the disease can manifest itself in the following forms:
- Deleted. In this case, a slight peeling is noted, it itches strongly between the fingers, the skin peels off, it can crack. Excessive dryness of the skin of the extremities is observed.
- In the background of the dyshidrotic form, bubbles appear. They are filled with exudate and burst over time.
- Squamous-hyperkeratotic form. Symptoms include hyperemia, the appearance of seals. A white plaque appears in place of the creases of the fingers. There is severe itching.
- Intertriginous form. With this type of fungal infection, the skin under the fingers suffers and the interdigital area becomes inflamed and red.
Treatment of interdigital fungus on the feet is prescribed after the identification of the specific causative agent of the disease. The process is long and expensive.
Features of the treatment of mycosis
Regardless of the type, form, clinic and severity of the disease, treatment is required. Therapy is prescribed by a dermatologist. It takes a relatively long time - several months or more.
They prefer to fight a fungal infection in a complex way. Antifungal drugs are used. In the presence of pustular neoplasms, an antibacterial treatment is recommended.
After making the diagnosis, you need to submit your personal belongings for treatment. Shoes are treated with specialized means, such as clothing.
But with a towel, slippers and other similar items, it is better to part ways.
Principles of treatment for pregnant women and children
Getting rid of the fungus is more difficult during pregnancy. The fact is that antifungal pills are contraindicated in pregnant women. Therefore, doctors use local drugs, for example, they prescribe ointments for fungi on the legs between the toes. They must be used carefully, strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor.
During pregnancy, folk remedies are good. Take foot baths with antifungal components and lotions. It is best to discuss unconventional methods with a dermatologist to avoid negative consequences.
Treatment of interdigital fungus on the feet in children has its own characteristics. Antifungal drugs are prohibited for children under the age of 2. It is difficult to cure a child, because an adult understands that, for example, a bath is needed for recovery, and this cannot be explained to a 3-4 year old child.
The treatment regimen for children is drawn up individually. The appointment list depends on the type of pathogen, symptoms, lesion area, age and weight of the child.
Pharmaceutical remedies against interdigital fungus
Traditional medicine knows many effective drugs to help kill the fungus. They can be bought in pharmacies, sold without a prescription. Forms of release: gels, ointments, creams, tablets, balm.
Treatment with folk remedies at home
Alternative therapy can be attributed to an auxiliary method. No folk remedies will help destroy the fungus. However, they speed up recovery. So, before using antifungal drugs, it is recommended to treat the affected area with hydrogen peroxide.
Some people use novocaine for treatment. It is difficult to say whether or not this is justified with the interdigital mushroom. If the fungus has infected the nails, the remedy will help: it is used in the form of lotions, applied 1-2 times a day. The duration of the manipulation is 1 hour.
For symptomatic therapy, essential oils of tea tree, lemon, celandine, clove and cinnamon are used. They relieve pain syndrome, soothe the skin, neutralize itching and burning. Moisturize the skin and promote healing. They do not destroy the fungus, but they inhibit its activity.
Methods for non-traditional treatment of the fungus:
- The salt bath has a detrimental effect on fungal microorganisms. For cooking, add 15 g of common salt to the warm water. Dip the limbs into the container. The procedure takes 15 minutes. Legs after manipulation are not washed with soap, only rinsed with warm water.
- A bath with the addition of wine vinegar. A good folk remedy. It is necessary to pour 100 ml of vinegar into a liter of warm water. Lower limbs. Keep for 15-20 minutes. After the procedure, the affected area is smeared with iodine. If there are cracks, it is better not to, it will hurt.
- Bath based on celandine. Two tablespoons of the dried component are poured into 500 ml of hot water. Insist half an hour. Add a small amount of plain water to the infusion, lower the feet into a container. Time - up to half an hour. Repeat once a day for a month.
- Onion juice is used to lubricate the affected area with a fungus. If it does not ooze, the skin is intact, you can prepare a half-hour lotion. It is necessary to put the onion gruel on a clean cloth, place it between your fingers. The procedure can be repeated every other day.
- Iodine bath. A few drops of iodine are added to the water bath. Hold your legs for 15 minutes. After handling the water, the feet are dried. Antifungal cream is applied.
- Pour 25 g of wormwood powder into 500 ml of hot water. Insist 2 hours. Rub the solution between your fingers or soak for 15 minutes. Treatment for 1 week or more.
When treating a fungus, it is necessary to adhere to the rules of prevention. This is the only way to get rid of the infectious disease and prevent secondary infection.